Onopordum is an interesting genus belonging to the tribe Cardueae (Asteraceae family), and the species of this genus are used as food and in the popular medicine of several countries. The present paper reviews all the metabolites present in all the species of this genus, reported up to 2009, and several chemotaxonomic consideration have been made. Furthermore, the occurrence in other genus, the spectral data, the synthetic approaches, the chemical modifications and the biological properties of the sesquiterpenes of genus Onopordum have been reviewed.
Keywords: Sesquiterpenoids, 13C NMR, Flavonoids, Steroids and Triterrpenes, Synthesis, Chemcial modification, Biological activity
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