Kinetics of Vascular Targeted Monoclonal Antibody

Author(s): Stephen J. Kennel, Ying Huang, Wen- Bin Zeng, Alan Stuckey, Jonathan Wall.

Journal Name: Current Drug Delivery

Volume 7 , Issue 5 , 2010

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Abstract:

Purpose: There is growing interest in delivery of drugs and radioisotopes with carriers designed to target molecular receptors in the vascular space. In contrast to targets outside of blood vessels, vascular receptors are easily accessed and tracer binding is not significantly impacted by the size of the targeted drug carrier. Although it is accepted that vascular targeting is very efficient, the kinetics of target binding in the vascular space immediately after injection has not been evaluated. MAb 201B accumulation in mouse lung, by virtue of its binding to thrombomodulin on lung endothelium, has been used as a model for imaging and vascular targeting. Procedures: MAb 201B was radioiodinated with either 125I comparing two different methods of radioiodination to assess label stability. MAb accumulation and retention were monitored after iv injection in normal BALB/c mice by standard biodistribution experiments, SPECT/CT. MAb radiolabeled with positron emitting 124I was evaluated by dynamic microPET. Results: The data show that lung uptake and kinetics of loss (t1/2∼40 hrs) of 125I MAb 201B was similar with two different radio-iodination methods. Loss of radioiodine was detected in sample radiolabeled using the chloramine T method, but only at later time points (24hrs). For very short time evaluations the more efficient chloramine T method was adopted for PET studies with 124I. Lung uptake of 124I MAb 201B occurred within seconds of injection as observed in dynamic microPET analysis with little 124I MAb ever detected in the peripheral circulation. In contrast, distribution kinetics of control 124I MAb 14 or 124I MAb 201B that had been diluted with excess cold MAb demonstrated equilibration throughout the vascular space. CONCLUSION: Accumulation of MAb targeted to epitopes in the vascular space occurs very rapidly, is highly specific and very efficient. Drug delivery with vascular targeting agents can accommodate fast acting therapeutic agents including short half lived radioisotopes

Keywords: SPECT/CT, dynamic PET, vascular targeting, 124I Mab, thrombomodulin

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Article Details

VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2010
Page: [428 - 435]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/156720110793566227
Price: $58

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