Local Delivery of Minocycline Hydrochloride: A Therapeutic Paradigm in Periodontal Diseases
From the literature we can draw conclusions regarding the local use of minocycline in periodontal diseases. This review article attempts to evaluate the role of local delivery of minocycline HCl in the management of periodontal diseases. The efficacies of several local delivery devices of minocycline like minocycline films, strips, gels/ointment, microspheres and nanoparticles are discussed. The functional characteristics of local delivery devices of minocycline, their effectiveness as monotherapy, and comparison with scaling and root planning (SRP) are discussed in detail. Methods for the analysis of minocycline in various biological fluids, clinical trials and patents relevant to the local use of minocycline HCl in dental diseases have also been addressed in the article, conceptualizing the fact that direct application of minocycline into the diseased periodontal sulcus is an attractive treatment approach.
Keywords: Minocycline, periodontal diseases, antimicrobials, local delivery, SRP, sustained/controlled delivery
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