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Selective Processing, Structural Characterization, and Photoluminescence Behaviors of Single Crystalline (Gd1-xEux)2O3 Nanorods and Nanotubes

Author(s): Qi Zhu, Ji-Guang Li, Xiaodong Li, Xudong Sun.

Abstract:

This study presents a simple yet effective hydrothermal route for selective generation of (Gd1-xEux)2O3 (x=0.03-0.13) redphosphor nanorods and nanotubes. Detailed characterizations of the products were achieved by combined means of XRD, FT-IR, TGA/DSC, BET, FE-SEM, HR-TEM, PL/PLE, fluorescence decay analysis, and transient techniques. The precursors are of hexagonal (Gd1-xEux)(OH)3, whose morphology (nanotube or nanorod) is largely affected by the final pH of the hydrothermal reaction. A minimum annealing at 600 °C is needed to crystallize solid-solution oxides of desirable photoluminescence, while at 1000 °C the polycrystalline precursors mostly transform into single-crystalline oxides. The two types of phosphors exhibit nearly identical positions of the PLE/PL bands and similar asymmetry factors of luminescence [I(5D0→7F2)/I(5D0→7F1)], but the nanotubes show a significantly stronger red emission at ~613 nm (~2.3 times that of the nanorods) upon UV excitation into the charge transfer band at ~250 nm. The quenching concentration of Eu3+ was found to be ~8 at% and the quenching mechanism is dominantly exchange interaction. Luminescent properties of the nanorod and nanotube phosphors, in terms of PL/PLE intensity, fluorescence lifetime and asymmetry factor of luminescence, have been successfully correlated to the phase evolution process, annealing temperature, Eu3+ content, and particle morphology

Keywords: Optical materials, selective processing, shape dependent physical phenomena, nanorods and nanotubes, nanorods, nanotubes, Photoluminescence, (Gd1-xEux)2O3, nanowires, nanoprisms, oxidation-coordination- assisted dissolution process, Y2O3, nano-regime, polycrystalline precursors, selected area electron diffraction (SAED), nanocages, Miller index, crystal size effect, particle morphology

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2010
Page: [496 - 504]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/157341310797574943
Price: $58