Current Medicinal Chemistry

Atta-ur-Rahman, FRS
Honorary Life Fellow
Kings College
University of Cambridge


HIV-1 RT-Associated RNase H Function Inhibitors: Recent Advances in Drug Development

Author(s): E. Tramontano and R. Di Santo

Affiliation: Pasteur Institute - Fondazione Cenci Bolognetti, Dept. of Chemistry and Technology of Drug, “Sapienza” University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro 5, I-00185 Rome, Italy.


The HIV-1 genomic RNA reverse transcription is an essential step in the virus cycle carried out by the viral-coded reverse transcriptase (RT), which has two associated functions: the RNA- and DNA-dependent DNA polymerase (RDDP and DDDP) function and the ribonuclease H (RNase H) function. The RNase H function catalyzes the selective hydrolysis of the RNA strand of the RNA:DNA heteroduplex replication intermediate. The RT associated activities are both essential for HIV-1 replication and validated targets for drug development, but only the polymerase function has been widely investigated as drug target. In fact, either nucleoside or non-nucleoside RT inhibitors currently used in therapy act on the polymerase associated activity. In this review, we describe the compounds, reported up to today, which inhibit the HIV-1 RNase H function, their chemical structures, the structure-activity relationships and the mechanism of action.

Keywords: HIV-1, reverse transcriptase, ribonuclease H, RNase H, RNase H inhibitor, natural compounds, diketo acids, hydrazones

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Article Details

Page: [2837 - 2853]
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.2174/092986710792065045
Price: $58