Naturally occurring enzymes are truly remarkable catalysts. However, many are not suitable for practical synthetic chemistry because of poor substrate or product selectivity. This review highlights recent advances in engineering enzymes for selective catalysis. Selected topics include altering substrate specificity, altering substrate and product selectivity, engineering enzymes that catalyze carboncarbon bond formation or carbon-oxygen bond cleavage and formation, and engineering multi-function enzymes such as polyketide synthases.
Keywords: Directed evolution, enzyme engineering, biocatalysis, selectivity, Enzymes, biocatalysts, epPCR, DNA shuffling, StEP, enantioselectivity, regioselectivity, polyketide synthases, Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, Bacillus megaterium, FAD, (FMN), NADPH, NADH, UTP, UGPase, (UNGPase), creatine kinase, glycocyamine kinases, E.coli, B.megaterium, C3-C8, MAO-N, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, FDH, Candida boidinii, (PTDH), Pseudomonas stutzeri, TSSM, XR, FDA, HPLC, CASTing, L-methionine, hydantoinase, L-enantiomer, GeneReassembly, cytochrome P450 2B1, (C-C) bond formation, DERA, Lipitor, (NAL), BFD, Pseudomonas putida, Glycosidases, Polyketides, Type I PKSs, Type II PKSs, Type III PKSs, (TAL), FACS
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