Design and Development of Thermoreversible Ophthalmic In Situ Hydrogel of Moxifloxacin HCl
D.H. Shastri, S.T. Prajapati and L.D. Patel
Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutics, K. B. Institute of Pharmaceutical Education&Research, Plot No: 126/2, Sector-26, Kishaan Nagar, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India-382028.
Conventional eye drops show relatively low bioavailability due to poor precorneal contact time. In situ hydrogels are of great importance in providing sustained ocular drug delivery. By exhibiting elastic properties they resist ocular drainage of the drug leading to longer contact times. In the present study an in situ gelling thermoreversible mucoadhesive gel was formulated of an antibacterial agent, Moxifloxacin HCl using a combination of poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 with different mucoadhesive polymers such as Xanthan gum and Sodium alginate with a view to increase gel strength and bioadhesion force and thereby increased precorneal contact time and bioavailability of the drug. Formulations were evaluated for physical parameters like clarity, pH, spreadability, drug content, gelation temperature, gel strength, bioadhesion force and in vitro drug release study. Formulations were found transparent, uniform in consistency and had good spreadability within a pH range of 6.8 to 7.4. A satisfactory bioadhesion (3298 to 4130 Dyne/cm2) on the sheeps corneal surface and good gel strength (95 to 128 sec) was also observed. As the concentration of mucoadhesive polymers in the gel formulation increased, the rate of drug release decreased. The order of drug release was in order: Xanthan gum > Sodium alginate. It was concluded that a thermoreversible in situ gel of Moxifloxacin HCl can be formulated by combining with mucoadhesive polymers and used effectively as safe and sustained ocular drug delivery. This combination provided greater bioadhesion force and gel strength as compared to the thermoreversible polymers i.e., poloxamer 407 (PF 127) or 188 (PF 68) when used alone.
Keywords: Ophthalmic in situ hydrogel, poloxamer 407, poloxamer 188, xanthan gum, sodium alginate
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