Comparison of Enzyme Kinetic Parameters Obtained In Vitro for Reactions Mediated by Human CYP2C Enzymes Including Major CYP2C9 Variants

Author(s): D. Rokitta, U. Fuhr.

Journal Name: Current Drug Metabolism

Volume 11 , Issue 2 , 2010

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Abstract:

Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C enzymes contribute to the metabolism of about 30% of all drugs. Known polymorphisms of the respective enzymes and drug-drug interactions have a major impact on the efficacy and safety of some CYP2C substrate drugs. In vivo – in vitro correlations including prediction of the effect of such covariates requires quantitative information on enzyme kinetics. In this article there will be a summary of the values of the Michaelis-Menten constant (Km), the maximal velocity (Vmax) and the intrinsic clearance (Clint; Vmax/Km) for 84 substrates (100 reactions) reported to be mediated by CYP2C9 (variant enzymes CYP2C9.1, CYP2C9.2 and CYP2C9.3), CYP2C8 and/or CYP2C19. Particularly contradictory findings for the same reactions call for some standardization in the assessment of enzyme kinetics.

Keywords: CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, CYP2C19, kinetics, drug metabolism

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2010
Page: [153 - 161]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/138920010791110872
Price: $58

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