Controlled Growth of ZnO Tetrapods: Influence of Temperature and Temperature Gradient
S. C. Vanithakumari,
G. K. Goswami,
K. K. Nanda.
Though it has been established that ZnO tetrapods can be synthesized by heating Zn in air, it is advantageous to grow tetrapods with legs of different morphologies with different lengths. Here, we report the large scale synthesis of ZnO tetrapods by heating Zn in air ambient. The parameters that control the diameter, length, and morphology of tetrapods are identified. It is shown that the morphology and dimensions of the tetrapods depend not only on the vaporization temperature but also on the temperature gradient of the furnace. The controlled synthesis procedure and the key parameters that influence the morphology are discussed.
Keywords: Nanostructures, tetrapods, oxides, vapor deposition, Raman spectroscopy, electron microscopy
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