High Content Screening of CXCR2-Dependent Signalling Pathways

Author(s): Michael Wolff, Simone Krede, Dorothea Haasen, Jorg Wiedenmann, G. Ulrich Nienhaus, Barbara Kistler, Franz Oswald, Ralf Heilker.

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 13 , Issue 1 , 2010

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Abstract:

Stimulation of CXC-type chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2)-transfected cells by Gro-α or IL-8 induced (i) CXCR2 internalization, (ii) phosphorylation of ERK1/2 (pERK) and (iii) translocation of nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) into the nucleus. Employing high content screening (HCS; i.e. fluorimetric imaging combined with image analysis) these three ligand-induced events were quantified by using a CXCR2-specific antibody, an antibody recognizing phosphorylated ERK1/2 (pERK) and a red fluorescent protein (RFP) in fusion to transiently overexpressed NFAT, respectively. As an RFP, we applied a recently developed mutant of an Entacmaea quadricolor fluorescent protein with favorable properties for HCS, such as high fluorescence brightness, photostability, large Stokes shift, and stability with regard to formaldehyde. Receptor internalization was closely coupled with ERK signalling both when analyzed in regard of stimulation by physiological CXCR2 ligands and when observed in the presence of antagonistic test compounds. A means of increasing the throughput or of broadening the pharmacological characterization of test compounds is the use of multiplexed imaging. Indeed, CXCR2 internalization could be multiplexed with the NFAT nuclear translocation by fixation at ˜ 45 min after Gro-α stimulation. This multiplexing demonstrated that Gro-α-induced CXCR2 internalization was tightly correlated with Gro-α-induced NFAT translocation, also on the single cell level. The analysis of ERK phosphorylation, NFAT translocation and receptor internalization enabled the profiling of antagonistic test compounds with respect to G-protein signalling and possible receptor desensitization liabilities.

Keywords: High content screening, CXCR2, ERK, NFAT, high throughput screening

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2010
Page: [3 - 15]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/138620710790218249

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