Dietary Patterns and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes: From Research to Clinical Practice; A Systematic Review

Author(s): Christina-Maria Kastorini, Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos.

Journal Name:Current Diabetes Reviews

Volume 5 , Issue 4 , 2009

Abstract:

The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, a disease difficult to treat and expensive to manage, is increasing rapidly worldwide. It is also known that lifestyle, and particularly dietary habits, play an important role in the development of diabetes. Adherence to a healthy dietary pattern, like the Mediterranean diet, exerts a beneficial role regarding the development of diabetes. Additionally certain individual food groups and components of the diet, such as monounsaturated fatty acids, fruits, vegetables, whole grain cereals, dietary fiber, fish, and moderate consumption of alcohol, also may protect against the development of diabetes, possibly through the amelioration of insulin sensitivity and their antiinflammatory actions. Unfortunately, dietary habits in the developed world are changing towards an unhealthier direction. Consequently, emphasis should be given on encouraging at population and individual level for adopting a healthier lifestyle, including dietary habits, in order to prevent the development of Type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Nutrition, Dietary patterns

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Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2009
Page: [221 - 227]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/157339909789804341
Price: $58