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Current Diabetes Reviews
ISSN (Print): 1573-3998
ISSN (Online): 1875-6417
VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 4
DOI: 10.2174/157339909789804341      Price:  $58









Dietary Patterns and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes: From Research to Clinical Practice; A Systematic Review

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Author(s): Christina-Maria Kastorini and Demosthenes B. Panagiotakos
Pages 221-227 (7)
Abstract:
The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, a disease difficult to treat and expensive to manage, is increasing rapidly worldwide. It is also known that lifestyle, and particularly dietary habits, play an important role in the development of diabetes. Adherence to a healthy dietary pattern, like the Mediterranean diet, exerts a beneficial role regarding the development of diabetes. Additionally certain individual food groups and components of the diet, such as monounsaturated fatty acids, fruits, vegetables, whole grain cereals, dietary fiber, fish, and moderate consumption of alcohol, also may protect against the development of diabetes, possibly through the amelioration of insulin sensitivity and their antiinflammatory actions. Unfortunately, dietary habits in the developed world are changing towards an unhealthier direction. Consequently, emphasis should be given on encouraging at population and individual level for adopting a healthier lifestyle, including dietary habits, in order to prevent the development of Type 2 diabetes.
Keywords:
Diabetes mellitus, Nutrition, Dietary patterns
Affiliation:
46 Paleon Polemiston St., Glyfada, Attica, 166 74, Greece.