Glutathione Transferases as Targets for Cancer Therapy

Author(s): Paolo Ruzza, Antonio Rosato, Carlo Riccardo Rossi, Maura Floreani, Luigi Quintieri.

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 9 , Issue 7 , 2009

Abstract:

Besides catalyzing the inactivation of various electrophile-producing anticancer agents via conjugation to the tripeptide glutathione, some cytosolic proteins belonging to the glutathione transferase (formerly glutatione-S-transferase; GST) superfamily are emerging as negative modulators of stress/drug-induced cell apoptosis through the interaction with specific signaling kinases. In addition, several data link the overexpression of some GSTs, in particular GSTP1-1, to both natural and acquired resistance to various structurally unrelated anticancer drugs. Tumor overexpression of these proteins has provided a rationale for the search of GST inhibitors and GSTactivated cytotoxic prodrugs. In the present review we discuss the current structural and pharmacological knowledge of both types of GST-targeting compounds.

Keywords: GST inhibitors, GST-activated prodrugs, cancer chemotherapy, anticancer drug resistance

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2009
Page: [763 - 777]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/187152009789056895
Price: $58

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