Recent Advances of Metal Binding Protein Lactoferrin as an Anti- Microbial Agent

Author(s): Isha Gupta, Rakesh Sehgal, Rupinder K. Kanwar, Alka Sehgal, Jagat R. Kanwar.

Journal Name:Current Bioactive Compounds

Volume 5 , Issue 3 , 2009

Abstract:

Lactoferrin (Lf) is present in milk and gland secretions and serve as an antimicrobial function. Insufficient amounts of Lf in some secretions also appear to correlate with certain health problems. Protection against gastroenteritis is the most likely biologically relevant activity of lactoferrin. Multiple in vitro and animal studies have shown a protective effect of lactoferrin on infections with enteric microorganisms, including rotavirus, Giardia, Shigella, Salmonella and the diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. Lactoferrin has two major effects on enteric pathogens: it inhibits growth and it impairs function of surface expressed virulence factors thereby decreasing their ability to adhere or to invade mammalian cells. Lf also inhibits several species of fungi and certain parasites. This review covers the role of Lf in clearing the parasitic infections. The mechanism by which lactoferrin inhibits some parasites may be via stimulation of the process of phagocytosis, whereby immune cells engulf and digest foreign organisms. Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan responsible for the number one, non-viral sexually transmitted disease. In this review, we also discussed the role of Lf in cervical infections.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 5
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2009
Page: [226 - 233]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/157340709789054795
Price: $58