Oral Bioavailability Assessment and Intestinal Lymphatic Transport of Org 45697 and Org 46035, Two Highly Lipophilic Novel Immunomodulator Analogues

Author(s): Suzanne M. Caliph, W. A. (Fried) Faassen, Gerard M. Vogel, Christopher J.H. Porter.

Journal Name: Current Drug Delivery

Volume 6 , Issue 4 , 2009

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Abstract:

Org 45697 (MW 600.7, clogP 7.92, soybean oil solubility 50 mg/g) and Org 46035 (MW 601.6, clog P 8.46, soybean oil solubility 40 mg/g) are two poorly water soluble ( < 0.1μg/ml), highly lipophilic drug candidates with immunomodulator activity and highly analogous chemical structures. After oral administration to conscious ambulatory rats in an aqueous-based methylcellulose/Tween® 80 suspension, the bioavailability of both compounds was low ( < 2% of administered dose). However, bioavailability was significantly increased ( > 5 fold) after oral administration in a long chain triglyceride lipid (olive oil) formulation. Subsequent studies have explored the potential for solubilising formulations, including lipid-based formulations, to enhance the oral bioavailability of Org 45697 and Org 46035 and secondly to explore the potential contribution of intestinal lymphatic transport to intestinal absorption. The experimental data show that solubilising formulations may provide for significant increases in oral bioavailability for Org 45697 and Org 46035 and that after co-administration with lipid, 35-50% of the absorbed dose may be transported to the systemic circulation via the intestinal lymph. Interestingly, the lymphatic transport of the less lipid soluble analogue, Org 46035 was approximately 40% lower than that of Org 45697 suggesting that relatively subtle differences in lipid solubility can have significant impact on the extent of lymphatic transport.

Keywords: Lymphatic transport, drug absorption, lipid-based delivery system, oral bioavailability

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2009
Page: [359 - 366]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/156720109789000500
Price: $65

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