Relationship Between Fiber Gratings Reflectivity and Laser Fabrication Parameters
Bashir Ahmed Tahir,
Rosly Abdul Rahman,
Khurshid Aslam Bhatti.
This study concentrates to investigate the relationship between laser fabrication parameters and reflectivity of fiber gratings. The fiber Bragg grating system, comprising Excimer Laser, Mask Aligner, Optical Spectrum Analyzer and Tunable Laser Source was utilized to fabricate the fiber gratings. A series of experiments were carried out for the fabrication of fiber gratings and to observe the effect of laser fabrication parameters on the reflectivity of fiber gratings. These samples were fabricated with different reflectivitys ranging from 27 to 93% at constant pulse rate i.e. 1Hz. The amount of reflectivity is the extent to which the index modulation in the fiber core changes. The higher the reflectivity of a fiber grating, the more microstructural changes occur within the lattice of the photosensitive core and the more the residual axial stress builds up within the cross section of the fiber. Here, we discussed only two laser fabrications parameters i.e. effect of pulse energy on reflectivity of fiber grating and effect of exposure time on reflectivity of fiber grating/Bragg wavelength. Based on the results of this study, it is inferred that reflectivity is exponentially increased, as the pulse energy increase at constant UV exposure time and attained saturation at pulse energy i.e. 165mJ. The low pulse energy produces a low reflectivity fiber Bragg grating even after a longer UV exposure time. It is also concluded that both reflectivity and Bragg wavelength are increased rapidly in the beginning with the increase of UV exposure time and then become saturated at UV exposure time i.e. 110min, even though pulse energy is constant. It means that the induced index of modulation was increased with the increasing of UV exposure time.
Keywords: Fiber bragg grating, reflectivity, pulse rate, UV exposure time, pulse energy
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