Influence of Poly (Lactide-Co-Glycolide) Type and Gamma Irradiation on the Betamethasone Acetate Release from the In Situ Forming Systems

Author(s): Mohammad Rafienia, Shahriar Hojjati Emami, Hamid Mirzadeh, Hamid Mobedi, Saeed Karbasi.

Journal Name: Current Drug Delivery

Volume 6 , Issue 2 , 2009

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In situ forming biodegradable polymeric systems were prepared from Poly (DL-lactide-co-glycolide), RG504H (50:50, lactide:glycolide), RG756 (75:25) and mixture of them. They were dissolved in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (33% w/w) and mixed with betamethasone acetate (BTMA, 5 and 10% w/w) and ethyl heptanoate (5% w/w, as an additive). The effects of gamma irradiation, drug loading, type of polymers and solvent removal were evaluated on release profiles. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of RG756 samples loaded by BTMA did not show any degradation until two weeks. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) experiments confirmed insignificant decrease in Tg, and consequently release rate. Declining Tg of RG504H and RG756 after gamma irradiation was about 0.4 and 1.46°C, respectively. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) revealed that BTMA release is more rapid from the formulations prepared using the RG504H with lower molecular weight. The formulations prepared by RG756 had lower burst release (2.5-41%) than the samples based on RG504H (60 – 67%) and mixture of them (30-33%). Regarding this research three different kinds of steriled in situ forming systems were developed which can release BTMA for 24, 90 and 60 days.

Keywords: In situ forming, betamethasone acetate, gamma irradiation, PLGA

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Article Details

Year: 2009
Page: [184 - 191]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/156720109787846243
Price: $58

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