Hyaluronan (HA) polysaccharide has differential effects on cells depending on polymer size. One of the more exciting findings is that small chains or oligosaccharides of HA (6-18 sugar units), but not large polymers, will kill many types of cancer cells by triggering apoptosis while leaving normal cells unaffected. Even chemoresistant cells become drug-sensitive when co-treated with HA oligosaccharides. Overall, these observations form the basis for new anticancer therapeutics.
Keywords: Cancer, metastasis, CD44, signaling, apoptosis
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