The Role of Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Inhibitors- A Promise Not Kept?

Author(s): Edo Kaluski.

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 4 , Issue 2 , 2008

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Abstract:

For over one decade Glycoproteins IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) have been administered to prevent coronary artery thrombosis. Initially these agents were used for acute coronary syndromes and subsequently as adjunctive pharmacotherapy for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Most benefit of GPI emerged from reduction of ischemic events: mostly non-q-wave myocardial infarctions (NQWMIs) during PCI. However, individual randomized clinical trials could not demonstrate that any of these agents could significantly reduce mortality in any clinical subset of patients. Studies of employing prolonged oral GPI administration resulted in excessive death. The non-homogenous statistically-significant reduction of ischemic endpoints was accompanied by an excess of bleeding, vascular complications, and thrombocytopenia. The clinical and ecomomic burden of major bleeding and thrombocytopenia is substantial. The ACUITY trial has initiate a new debate regarding the efficacy and safety of GPI. Selective “patient-tailored” use of GPI limited to moderate-high risk PCI patients with low bleeding propensity is suggested. Research of new algorithms emphasizing abbreviated GPI administration, careful access site and bleeding surveillance, in conjunction with lower doses of unfractionated heparin or new and safer anti-thrombins may further enhance patient safety.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 4
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2008
Page: [84 - 91]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/157340308784245793
Price: $58

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