The review deals with the problem of the study of ligand-receptor interactions and the use of Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation to approach such a problem. After a short review of the fundamentals of MD we describe the medium in which all biology takes place, water. Emphasis is put on the water models appropriate for simulation of macromolecular systems explicitly including the water molecules. We consider the quality of the water model both in terms of simplicity and performance to describe the liquid water properties. Heavy water, although not a biologically viable medium, is considered since many experiments make use of it as a solvent. Sweetness of carbohydrates is considered as an example of the procedure suitable to characterize active sites on the ligands. Consideration is given to the computation of the binding constants through molecular dynamics. The computation of the Free Energy is described and illustrated. The potentiality of MD for studies of ligand-receptor interactions is limited by the computer resources, for even with large computing facilities the need of relatively long simulation times severely restricts the study of large systems. A method is described in which several shells are treated at different levels of approximation, form mechanical response and mean electrical field to quantum mechanics, through stochastic dynamics and atomic classical MD. The review closes with a brief account of the perspectives of the method.
Keywords: md-molecular dynamics, ligand-receptor interaction, md simulation, atomic classical md
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