Current Drug Targets

Francis J. Castellino
Kleiderer-Pezold Professor of Biochemistry
Director, W.M. Keck Center for Transgene Research
Dean Emeritus, College of Science
230 Raclin-Carmichael Hall, University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN 46556
USA

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Studies on Target Genes of General Anesthetics

Author(s): Sumiko Gamo

Affiliation: Department of Earth and Life Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-Cho, Sakai-City, Osaka, 599-8531, Japan.

Abstract:

Generally speaking, we cannot fully understand the mechanisms of general anesthesia until the molecular mechanisms of consciousness are fully elucidated. Loss of consciousness induced by general anesthetics might involve sensation, motor activity, behavior, memory and self-consciousness. The effects of many anesthetics are not limited to humans but also extend to the animals. Similar levels of minimum anesthetic concentrations are required to induce anesthesia in animals and human, i.e., the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC). Such similarity probably reflects identical anesthetic target molecules and functional conservation based on gene conservation. Thus, to study the mechanisms of anesthetic action, various animal models that are accessible to genetic manipulation, such as nematodes (Caenorhabditis elegans), fruit flies (Drosophila) and mice can be used. Genetic techniques allow for the rapid identification and characterization of genes involved in the actions of general anesthetics. In this review, I will describe the genetic mutations and putative target genes of general anesthetics.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 3
ISSUE: 1
Page: [31 - 41]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1389450023348118