The C-Terminal Half of Heat Shock Protein 90 Represents a Second Site for Pharmacologic Intervention in Chaperone Function
Monica G. Marcu,
Leonard M. Neckers.
The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is required for stability and function of multiple mutated, chimeric, and over-expressed signaling proteins that promote cancer cell growth and / or survival. It is also critical for the function of many normally expressed proteins, including protein kinases, steroid receptors and other transcription factors, and it may protect the cell from incapacitating or deleterious mutations. The recent identification of a nucleotide binding pocket within the first 220 amino acids of the protein, together with the discovery that at least two structurally distinct classes of antibiotic can replace nucleotide at this site and alter chaperone activity, has deservedly focused attention on Hsp90s amino terminus as an important regulator of function. However, data continue to accumulate pointing to the Cterminal half of the chaperone as an equally important regulator of activity, and small molecules that bind to this portion of Hsp90 have been identified.
Keywords: C-Terminal, chimeric, nucleotide
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