Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has prolonged many patients lives, but many cardiac sequelae of HIV are not affected by HAART and continue to develop even with treatment. In addition, HAART itself causes in a high proportion of patients a metabolic syndrome, characterized by lipodystrophy / lipoatrophy, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance that may be associated with an increase in peripheral artery and coronary artery diseases. Careful cardiovascular evaluation in the course of HIV disease can identify cardiac complications early enough to treat. All HIV-infected patients who are either candidates to antiretroviral therapy or who are already under treatment should undergo an assessment that includes the evaluation of the cardiovascular risk with the available guidelines and the interactions between antiretrovirals and drugs commonly used to treat cardiovascular disease.
Keywords: human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, highly active antiretroviral therapy, cardiovascular disease
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