Strategies and Solid-Phase Formats for the Analysis of Protein and Peptide Phosphorylation Employing A Novel Fluorescent Phosphorylation Sensor Dye

Author(s): Karen Martin, Thomas H. Steinberg, Terrie Goodman, Birte Schulenberg, Jason A. Kilgore, Kyle R. Gee, Joseph M. Beechem, Wayne F. Patton.

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening

Volume 6 , Issue 4 , 2003

Become EABM
Become Reviewer


Protein kinases represent one of the largest families of regulatory enzymes, with more than 2,000 of them being encoded for by the human genome. Many cellular processes are regulated by the reversible phosphorylation of proteins and upwards of 30% of the proteins comprising the eukaryotic proteome are likely to be phosphorylated at some point during their existence. In the past, analysis of global protein phosphorylation has been accomplished through radiolabelling of samples with inorganic 32P or [γ-32P] ATP. The approach is limited to specimens amenable to radiolabelling and poses certain safety and disposal problems. Alternatively, immunodetection with antibodies to the common phosphoamino acids may be employed, but the antibodies are relatively expensive and exhibit limited specificity and a certain degree of cross-reactivity. Pro-Q Diamond dye is a new fluorescent phosphosensor technology suitable for the detection of phosphoserine-, phosphothreonine- and phosphotyrosine-containing proteins directly in isoelectric focusing gels, SDS-polyacrylamide gels and two-dimensional gels. Additionally, the technology is appropriate for the detection of phosphoproteins or phosphopeptides arrayed on protein chips or affixed to beads. Dye-stained proteins and peptides can be excited with a laser-based light source of 532 or 543 nm or with a xenon-arc lamp-based system equipped with appropriate band pass filters. Alternatively, ultraviolet light of about 302 nm may be employed, providing that sufficiently long exposure times are used to collect the fluorescence signal. Pro-Q Diamond dye emits maximally at approximately 580 nm. The fluorescence-based detection technology is easy to conduct, cost effective and allows rapid large-scale screening of protein and peptide phosphorylation in a variety of solid-phase assay formats.

Keywords: phosphoproteins, phosphopeptides, phosphoproteomics, phosphoproteome, signal transduction

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2003
Page: [331 - 339]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/138620703106298581
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 6