It is generally believed that multiple Ca2+ stores are present in cells, a notion that has now been made substantive by the discovery of multiple Ca2+ mobilizing messengers. Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and nicotinic acid dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) are two such messengers that are derived from NAD and NADP, respectively. A wide variety of cells, from plants to mammals, including human, have been shown to be responsive to these two novel Ca2+ messengers. Not only are their structures and mechanisms of action different, their targeted Ca2+ stores are also distinct and separable. This article explores the implications of the multiplicity of Ca2+ stores in cellular signaling. Special emphasis will be put on the recent progress in the understanding of the physiological functions of NAADP.
Keywords: cyclic adp-ribose (cadpr), naadp, adp-ribosyl cyclase, cd38, mobilization
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport