Renin is cleaved from its precursor prorenin into mature renin. We investigated the impact of the renin proregion on the generation and secretion of enzymatically active renin. We compared the effects of the following sequences of human prorenin with wild type prorenin[1-383]: prosequence [1- 43], hinge sequence [1-62], Des[1-43]prorenin (“renin”), Des[1-62]prorenin and prorenin[N260]. These sequences were individually expressed in CV1 cells (constitutive pathway model) and AtT20 cells (regulated and constitutive pathways model), and Des[1-43]prorenin was also coexpressed together with the different prosequences. Renin concentration and activity were measured in cell extracts and culture media. Deletion of the prosequence reduces renin activity in both cell types, but it leaves (total) renin concentration unchanged. Coexpression of the prosequence with renin enhances renin secretion in both cell types: Constitutively secreted renin is enhanced by coexpression of renin together with any of the prosequence containing molecules [1-43], [1-62] or prorenin[N260]. Immunofluorescence in AtT20 cells shows lysosomal typical labeling of prorenin and Des[1-43]prorenin. In AtT20 cells expressing prorenin[1-383], stimulation of regulated secretion increases prorenin but not renin release. The renin prosequence [1-43] optimizes renin activity possibly through appropriate protein folding and it enhances the constitutive secretion of (pro)renin. The major part of generated renin may be targeted to lysosomes.
Keywords: Prorenin, enzyme, regulated secretion, constitutive secretion, lysosome, N-glycosylation, intramolecular chaperone, renin, angiotensin, protease, Immunofluorescence, prosequence, coexpression, proregion, propeptides, amino acids, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone, N-terminal prosegment, angiotensinogen
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