The Relationship Between Inflammation and the Anticoagulant Pathway: The Emerging Role of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS)

Author(s): W. Craig Hooper.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 10 , Issue 8 , 2004

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Abstract:

Inflammation represents the interaction of the immune and coagulation systems in an attempt to restore normal hemostasis following injury. The underlying basis of the interrelationship between these two physiological systems revolves around the following: a) the activation of coagulation by inflammation, b) the augmentation of the inflammatory response by coagulation, c) the significant attenuation of inflammation by the anticoagulant response and d) the separate influence of the vascular endothelium on coagulation and inflammation as well as its mediation or control of the cross-talk between these two physiological systems. In hemostasis, the protein C anticoagulant pathway is a major mechanism that functions to prevent the development of a pathological thrombus through the regulation of the procoagulant pathway. The endothelium is essential in maintaining a physiological balance between the anticoagulant and procoagulant pathways with proinflammatory cytokines functioning, in part, to regulate endothelial-cell- surface associated coagulation and anticoagulation proteins. In addition to its anticoagulant properties, activated protein C can also function as a regulator of proinflammatory cytokine production. Current evidence suggests that activated protein C may act to control inflammation through NF-kB and / or nitric oxide synthase. A better understanding of the relationship between APC and inflammation may provide new targets for drug design.

Keywords: immune, proinflammatory cytokine, protein C

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2004
Page: [923 - 927]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1381612043452857
Price: $58

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