Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Davide Prosperi
Department of Biotechnology and Bioscience
University of Milan Bicocca
Milano
Italy

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Nutritional and Therapeutic Potential of Spirulina

Author(s): Z. Khan, P. Bhadouria, P. S. Bisen.

Abstract:

Spirulina, a filamentous cyanobacterium, possesses diverse biological activities and nutritional significance due to high concentration of natural nutrients, having bio-modulatory and immuno-modulatory functions. Different Spirulina preparations influence immune system viz. increase phagocytic activity of macrophages, stimulating the production of antibodies and cytokines, increase accumulation of NK cells into tissue and activation and mobilization of T and B cells. Spirulina have also shown to perform regulatory role on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism by exhibiting glucose and lipid profile correcting activity in experimental animals and in diabetic patients. Preparations have been found to be active against several enveloped viruses including herpes virus, cytomegalovirus, influenza virus and HIV. They are capable to inhibit carcinogenesis due to anti-oxidant properties that protect tissues and also reduce toxicity of liver, kidney and testes.

Keywords: spirulina platensis, ca-sp, sulpholipid, cyanovirin-n, phycocyanin, beta-carotene, hiv, immunomodulatory

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Article Details

VOLUME: 6
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2005
Page: [373 - 379]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/138920105774370607
Price: $58