Current Medicinal Chemistry

Atta-ur-Rahman, FRS
Honorary Life Fellow
Kings College
University of Cambridge
Cambridge
UK

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Current Knowledge on the Antagonists and Inverse Agonists of Cannabinoid Receptors

Author(s): G. G. Muccioli and D. M. Lambert

Affiliation: Unite de Chimie pharmaceutique et de Radiopharmacie, Ecole de Pharmacie, Faculte de Medecine, Universite catholique de Louvain, Avenue E. Mounier, 73, UCL-CMFA 7340, B-1200 Bruxelles, Belgium.

Keywords: cannabinoid, antagonism, inverse agonism, rimonabant, sr, slv

Abstract:

Ten years elapsed since the discovery by Sanofi of SR141716A the first selective CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist. Shortly after, Sanofi also reported the synthesis of the first selective CB2 cannabinoid receptor antagonist, SR144528. Since these two milestones in the cannabinoid field, many other compounds, more or less related to the Sanofi compounds, or based on a completely different scaffold appeared. Several of these compounds are currently involved in clinical trials for diseases such as obesity, nicotine and alcohol addictions, or allergies. Further, the cannabinoid receptors knock-out mice production strengthened the hypothesis of the existence of several other “cannabinoid” receptors for which the first antagonists begin to appear. The large amount of patents taken by many different pharmaceutical companies prove, if necessary, the great therapeutic potential expected for the cannabinoid receptors antagonists.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 12
Page: [1361 - 1394]
Pages: 34
DOI: 10.2174/0929867054020891