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Current Pharmaceutical Design
ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286
DOI: 10.2174/138161207782360500      Price:  $58

Novel Marine-Derived Anti-Cancer Agents

Author(s): Thomas E. Adrian
Pages 3417-3426 (10)
There is an immense diversity of marine plants and animals from which an estimated 14,000 pharmacologically active compounds have been isolated. However, in terms of clinically useful anti-cancer agents, the oceans remain as a largely untapped resource. Indeed, there are currently only two compounds used in the clinic that are derived from marine sources. These are cytarabine, which is a deoxycitidine analogue and aplidine, which has both growth inhibitory and anti-angiogenic effects. This situation is likely to change rather dramatically in the near future, as attention has focused on the vast diversity of available agents from marine organisms. The increased pace of activity in this area has resulted in a several clinical trials of promising compounds with the probability that these will be followed by other drugs currently under preclinical development.
Aplidine, Ascididemin, Protein kinase C, cephalostatins, Dideoxypetrosynol A
Department of Physiology, United Arab Emirates University, PO Box 17666, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.