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Gamma-Secretase as a Pharmacological Target in Alzheimer Disease Research: When, Why and How?

Author(s): Chewki Ziani-Cherif, Bachir Mostefa-Kara, Fatima Z. Brixi-Gormat.

Abstract:

Alzheimer disease (AD) is characterized by excessive deposition of amyloid β-peptides (Aβ peptides) in the form of senile plaques as well as neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in the brain. In the amyloidogenic pathway, the amyloid-β precursor protein (APP) is cleaved by β-secretase first, followed by γ-secretase cleavage producing therefore Aβ. This review summarizes the recent findings in the AD field and focuses on the different γ-secretase inhibitors that have been developed as a therapeutic approach toward AD.

Keywords: Alzheimer disease, amyloid βprecursor protein, amyloid β, γ-secretase, presenilins, γ-secretase inhibitors, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 33
Year: 2006
Page: [4313 - 4335]
Pages: 23
DOI: 10.2174/138161206778792994
Price: $58