A Chemical Genetics Approach for the Discovery of Apoptosis Inducers:From Phenotypic Cell Based HTS Assay and Structure-Activity Relationship Studies, to Identification of Potential Anticancer Agents and Molecular Targets.

Author(s): Cai Sui Xiong, John Drewe, Shailaja Kasibhatla.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 13 , Issue 22 , 2006

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Abstract:

The approach of chemical genetics has been widely used to study biological systems and to discover new drugs, signaling pathways and targets. The current review focuses on the development and utilization of a cell- and caspase-based apoptosis induction assay for the discovery of apoptosis inducers. We began with the development of a cell based phenotypic assay, which was used for the identification of small molecules that exhibit apoptosis inducing activities, including N-phenyl nicotinamides, gambogic acid, indole-2-carboxylic acid benzylidene-hydrazides, 4-aryl-4H-chromenes and 3-aryl-5-aryl-1,2,4-oxadiazoles. Through medicinal chemistry and biological studies, in vivo active compounds were identified, such as MX116407 as a tumor vascular disrupting agent with potent in vivo anticancer activity. The molecular targets of in vivo active compounds were identified using reagents designed and synthesized based on the SAR, including the identification of tail-interacting protein 47 (TIP47), an insulin-like growth factor II (IGF II) receptor binding protein, as the molecular target of 3-aryl-5-aryl-1,2,4-oxadiazoles; and Transferrin receptor I (TfR), a transmembrane protein that interacts with transferrin (Tf) for the transport of iron into cells, as the molecular target of gambogic acid. We demonstrated that chemical genetics is a very useful approach for anticancer drug research, from the discovery of potential drugs, to the understanding of signaling pathways and identification of druggable targets.

Keywords: Chemical genetics, apoptosis inducers, HTS assay, target identification and validation, anticancer drug, SAR studies, tubulin inhibitors, transferrin receptors

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 22
Year: 2006
Page: [2627 - 2644]
Pages: 18
DOI: 10.2174/092986706778201521
Price: $58

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