Current Pediatric Reviews

Giuseppe Buonocore
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine
University of Siena
Siena
Italy

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Childhood Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: New and Old Treatments

Author(s): Brigitte Bader-Meunier, Elie Haddad.

Abstract:

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is more severe in children than in adults, and often needs aggressive treatment. Classical (old ) therapies include mostly non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, hydroxychloroquine, corticosterois and cyclophosphamide. However, these two latter drugs can induce severe side effects. Recently, new drugs, especially Mycophenolate Mofetyl and anti-CD20 antibody, have been proved to be efficient and well tolerated in adult-onset SLE and may become mainstay therapeutic option for severe chidhood-onset lupus manifestations. Management of complications such as growth failure, osteoporosis, premature atherosclerosis and anti-phospholipid syndrome has also progressed within the last years. Beside these promising perspectives of treatment, psychological support, long-term follow-up and program of transition from the pediatric to the adult care unit remain essential.

Keywords: Hydroxychloroquine, NSAID, Cyclophosphamide, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF), Autologous Marrow Stem-Cell Transplantation, Osteoporosis

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Article Details

VOLUME: 2
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2006
Page: [165 - 171]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/157339606776894630
Price: $58