Studies on the Effect of the Apolipoprotein E Genotype on the Lipid Profile in Alzheimers Disease

Author(s): Marwan N. Sabbagh, Shawn Sandhu, Heather Kolody, Tyson Lahti, Nina B. Silverberg, D. L. Sparks.

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 3 , Issue 2 , 2006

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Abstract:

Objective: To determine whether Apolipoprotein E4 (Apo E4) gene status or ApoE gene dose affect the lipid profile in AD. Background: Links between hypercholesterolemia and AD development continue to grow. Presently, limited information exists about the influence of the Apo E genotype on the lipid profile characteristics in AD. Methods: We examined the lipid profiles (total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), lower-density lipoprotein (LDL), TC/HDL ratio, and triglyceride (TG) levels) of 142 subjects with probable or possible AD (mean age 76.5 ± 8.9 years), not on lipid lowering therapy by Apo E genotype. Assessment was done by gene status and gene dose. Results: ApoE4 gene status did not reveal any significant differences in the lipid profile except for LDL. However, significant differences were observed by ApoE gene dose. Conclusion: ApoE gene status has minimal influence on the lipid panel or mean age in AD. Apo E gene dose does influence the lipid panel with Apo E 2/2, and 2/3 having significantly better lipid panels and older age of onset.

Keywords: Cholesterol, lipid profile, Alzheimer's, apolipoprotein E genotype

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Article Details

VOLUME: 3
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2006
Page: [157 - 160]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/156720506776383013
Price: $58