Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are known to be cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors, have been reported to exert anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on a variety of cancer cells. Since the COX-2 isoform was found to be overexpressed in a many human cancers, a particular attention was paid on the possible use of selective COX-2 inhibitors in cancer chemoprevention. The present review focuses on the state of the art in cancer research developed with COX-2 preferential/selective inhibitors belonging to the family of N-arylmethanesulfonamides, in particular nimesulide and NS-398.
Keywords: Nimesulide, NS-398, cancer chemoprevention, NSAIDs, cyclooxygenase inhibitors, anti-proliferative, proapoptotic, N-arylmethanesulfonamides
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