HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase: A Therapeutical Target in the Spotlight

Author(s): H. C. Castro , N. I.V. Loureiro , M. Pujol-Luz , A. M.T. Souza , M. G. Albuquerque , D. O. Santos , L. M. Cabral , I. C. Frugulhetti , C. R. Rodrigues .

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 13 , Issue 3 , 2006


Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 Reverse Transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) is one of the most important targets for treatment of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It catalyzes the reverse transcription of HIV-RNA into a double stranded DNA, and the knowledge of its substrate specificity and catalytic mechanism has guided the development of several inhibitors widely used on current HIV/AIDS therapy. However, mutations in HIV-1 RT structure can lead to the emergence of drug-resistant virus strains. The goal of this review is to summarize relevant structural features of HIV-1 RT and its inhibitors in such a way that this cost-effective target in the development of new antiretroviral drugs is particularly highlighted.

Keywords: Reverse transcriptase, nucleoside, nucleotide, non-nucleoside, DNA, RNA, antiretroviral, AIDS

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Article Details

Year: 2006
Page: [313 - 324]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/092986706775476089
Price: $58

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