Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 attracts attention mainly because of its role in production of carcinogenic reactive metabolites from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzo[a]pyrene, but recent developments indicate its apparent role in cell cycle progression. Expression of the enzyme is subject to regulation by aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). It has been shown that induction of CYP 1A1 in HepG2 cells and primary rat hepatocytes by tetrachloro-pdibenzodioxin (TCDD) is diminished by colchicine and nocodazole. Both compounds decrease CYP1A1 mRNA, protein, and activity levels in HepG2 cells and mRNA level in primary rat hepatocytes. Neither compound significantly affected [3H]-TCDD binding to AhR, thus their effect on AhR transcriptional activity proceeds via indirect means. For colchicine and nocodazole are well-known microtubule interfering agents, we also assessed their effect on microtubule integrity in both cell types under investigation. Both compounds disrupt cytoskeleton integrity with differential potency depending on cell type. The observed suppression of AhR transcriptional activity by colchicine and nocodazole can be associated with G2/M cell cycle arrest in HepG2 cells, as demonstrated by Myt1 protein hyperphosphorylation and FACS analysis. However, in primary rat hepatocytes, cytoskeleton disruption is independent of cell cycle while displaying the same influence on AhR-dependent gene transcription. In our view, this is evidence in favor of modulatory role of cytoskeleton in AhRdependent expression.
Keywords: AhR receptor, Cell Cycle, Cytochrome P450, Drug Metabolism, Microtubules
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