Serotonin as a Modulator of Glutamate- and GABA-Mediated Neurotransmission: Implications in Physiological Functions and in Pathology

Author(s): L. Ciranna.

Journal Name: Current Neuropharmacology

Volume 4 , Issue 2 , 2006

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Abstract:

The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT), widely distributed in the central nervous system (CNS), is involved in a large variety of physiological functions. In several brain regions 5-HT is diffusely released by volume transmission and behaves as a neuromodulator rather than as a "classical" neurotransmitter. In some cases 5-HT is co-localized in the same nerve terminal with other neurotransmitters and reciprocal interactions take place. This review will focus on the modulatory action of 5-HT on the effects of glutamate and γ-amino-butyric acid (GABA), which are the principal neurotransmitters mediating respectively excitatory and inhibitory signals in the CNS. Examples of interaction at preand/ or post-synaptic levels will be illustrated, as well as the receptors involved and their mechanisms of action. Finally, the physiological meaning of neuromodulatory effects of 5-HT will be briefly discussed with respect to pathologies deriving from malfunctioning of serotonin system.

Keywords: Serotonin, neuromodulation, GABA, glutamate, cognition, nociception, motor control

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Article Details

VOLUME: 4
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2006
Page: [101 - 114]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/157015906776359540
Price: $58

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