Current Options in the Treatment of Mast Cell Mediator-Related Symptoms in Mastocytosis
Lawrence B. Schwartz.
Patients with mastocytosis have symptoms related to the tissue response to the release of mediators from mast cells (MC), local mast cell burden or associated non-mast cell hematological disorders. MC contain an array of biologically active mediators in their granules, which are preformed and stored. MC are also able to produce newly generated membrane-derived lipid mediators and are a source of multifunctional cytokines. Mediator-related symptoms can include pruritus, flushing, syncope, gastric distress, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, bone pain and neuropsychiatric disturbances; these symptoms are variably controlled by adequate medications. Management of patients within all categories of mastocytosis includes: a) a careful counseling of patients (parents in pediatric cases) and care providers, b) avoidance of factors triggering acute mediator release, c) treatment of acute and chronic MC-mediator symptoms and, if indicated, d) an attempt for cytoreduction and treatment of organ infiltration by mast cells.
Keywords: Mastocytosis, mast cell-mediator related symptoms, treatment
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