Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume: 5

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science (BKCI-S), Web of Science, BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Chemical Abstracts, EBSCO, Ulrich's Periodicals

“Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry” is an Ebook series devoted to the review of areas of important topical interest to medicinal chemists and others in allied disciplines. “Frontiers in ...
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Progress in Current Non-Viral Carriers for Gene Delivery

Pp. 81-97 (17)

Yoko Shoji-Moskowitz, Daisuke Asai, Ami E.Iskandrian, Kota Kodama, Yoshiki Katayama and Hideki Nakashima

Abstract

Since the viral vector for gene therapy has serious problems, including oncogenesity and other adverse effects, non-viral carriers have attracted a great deal of attention. However, the most critical issue of gene delivery by non-viral carriers is the low-expression efficiencies of the desired gene. In order to apply non-viral carriers for gene therapy in practical clinical usage, the improvement of transfection efficiency is a prerequisite. We will summarize the current progress of non-viral delivery systems for gene therapy. Especially, we will address the applications of cationic lipids (lipoplex) and cationic polymers (polyplex) in vivo. Furthermore, there have been reported a disease-site-specific delivery system which responds to highly activated cellular signals, which is called a drug delivery system based on responses cellular signal (D-RECS). We will also introduce the current progress of D-RECS gene delivery which is activated by HIV protease in only HIV-infected cells.

Keywords:

Non-viral carrier, polyplex, lipoplex

Affiliation:

Department of Microbiology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Japan