Oral Infections and Cardiovascular Disease

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science (BKCI-S), Scopus, EBSCO.

This book provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge about research in oral infections and their association with cardiovascular diseases. Several epidemiological, clinical and other ...
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Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease

Pp. 17-25 (9)

Morten Enersen


Periodontal diseases are a group of pathological conditions of the supporting tissues of the teeth. They are generally accepted as polymicrobial infections elicited by a complex of bacterial species that interact with the release of a broad array of inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and mediators from the host, some of which lead to destruction of the structures of the periodontium and alveolar bone [1]. The purpose of this chapter is to give the reader a brief overview of factors which are considered as risk factors for development of periodontal diseases.


University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.