A General Reactive Motion Planning Scheme for Cyber-Vehicles on Urban Roadways
Pp. 33-50 (18)
Edgar A. Martinez-Garcia and Rafael Torres Cordova
This paper gives details regarding a mathematical framework to achieve reactive autonomous
navigation of electric cyber-vehicles that interact in urban environments. The framework combines continuoustime
kinematic equations with social potential fields that yield repulsive and attractive forces. On one hand, lane
lines, parked cars, traffic signals/signs and so forth define repulsive forces against static obstacles. On the other
hand, walking people, moving cars/bikes, etc, determine dynamic obstacles. In addition, attractive potential
forces are artificially generated in relation to a set of goal destinations. Generally, potential fields are modeled
considering the vehicle as a particle in motion; the proposed scheme integrates a general forward-kinematics
solution for different inertial systems, which is combined with the vehicle geometric constraints. The proposed
motion model combines a scheme for controlling both: the desired and the maximal allowed vehicle’s velocity.
The latter, is because of potential fields raise so large when suddenly situations associated to accidents happen. A
multi-sensor fusion scheme is proposed in terms of redundancy of observed features to adaptively compute
numeric weights to contribute on yielding a more suitable navigation function. The magnitudes of weights are
correlated with the perception vehicle’s angle of motion. The proposed model allows an easy implementation to
achieve reliability and security in autonomous driving control, and the capability of free-collision navigation in
highly dynamic environments. Simulation results are shown.
reactive-navigation, dynamic model, kinematic constraints, and social potential fields.
Universidad Autonoma de Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico.