Supercritical Anti-Solvent Micronization: Control of Morphology and Particle Size
Pp. 16-28 (13)
Ernesto Reverchon and Iolanda De Marco
Supercritical antisolvent precipitation has been used to micronize several kinds of materials.
Nanoparticles with mean diameters in the 30-200 nm range and microparticles in the 0.2-20 µm range are the
most frequently obtained morphologies. Sometimes, hollow expanded microparticles with diameters between
about 10 and 200 µm and crystals having various morphologies have been obtained. In this work, the relation
between vapor liquid equilibria and the observed morphologies has been performed; possible formation
mechanisms have been proposed. If the material is precipitated from a supercritical gaseous phase, expanded
microparticles can be obtained; whereas, if the process is carried out at supercritical conditions, there is a
competition between jet break-up and liquid surface tension vanishing characteristic times. If surface tension
disappears before the jet break-up, nanoparticles are formed from a gas plume; otherwise, micrometric droplets
generate spherical micrometric particles.
Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica e Alimentare, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 1 - 84084, Fisciano (SA), Italy.