Equity and Disease Burden
Pp. 43-49 (7)
Abdesslam Boutayeb and Saber Boutayeb
The contrast between life expectancy of 43 years for a woman in sub-Saharan Africa compared
with 86 years for a woman in Japan is inconceivable and unfair. This is not a mere inequality it is one kind
of health inequities existing between developed and developing countries. A multitude of other such health
inequities are given by maternal mortality, infant mortality, diseases burden and access to different basic
health services such as vaccination, antenatal care, postnatal visits, hospital beds, number of health
personnel. Health inequity, however, is not a special feature characterizing the difference between rich and
poor countries, neither is poor health confined to those worst off. In all countries, independently of their
income and level of development, health and illness follow a social gradient. For instance, in the U.K, the
28 year life expectancy gap between men living in two different cities is incredible.
Health (in)equity, maternal mortality, child mortality, life expectancy, developed countries,
Department of Mathematics Faculty of Sciences, Boulevard Mohamed VI, BP: 717 Oujda, Morocco.