4D Fetal Echocardiography

4D Fetal Echocardiography

Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most frequent malformation in the human fetus and are the leading cause of mortality due to malformations in the first year of life. Despite its clinical importa
[view complete introduction]





4D Study of Left Heart Anomalies

Pp. 119-134 (16)

Giuseppe Rizzo and Domenico Arduini

Abstract

In this chapter, the 2D, color Doppler and four dimensional (4D) features of major right heart abnormalities are described. In particular, the echocardiographic views on which the various lesions are present are reported. The diagnostic role of 4D echocardiography in allowing a spatial demonstration of the defects with the possibility of getting new views into the heart is outlined. Videos of major diagnostic features are also provided, to facilitate the understanding of the text.

Keywords:

4D Sonography, Fetal Echocardiography, Right Heart Anomalies, Prenatal Diagnosis.

Affiliation:

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Università Roma “Tor Vergata” Rome Italy