4D Fetal Echocardiography

4D Fetal Echocardiography

Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most frequent malformation in the human fetus and are the leading cause of mortality due to malformations in the first year of life. Despite its clinical importa
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The Applications of HD and B Flow in 4D Echocardiography

Pp. 62-69 (8)

Simcha Yagel, Sarah M Cohen, Dan V Valsky, Michal Lipscheutz and Baruch Messing


High Definition Power Flow Doppler (HDPD) is a bi-directional power Doppler imaging mode. B-flow is a direct-volume non-gated scanning tool that images blood flow in real-time. These ultrasound modalities have improved images of the fetal cardiovascular system to near-angiographic quality. Each has its particular advantages, which are illustrated with examples of fetal cardiovascular malformations obtained with these tools. HDPD and B-flow provide images not available to practitioners even five years ago.


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Centers-Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel