Language Disturbances in Adulthood: New Advances from the Neurolinguistics Perspective

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Language is the most versatile and fascinating of all human cognitive functions, constituting a field of interest in very different areas, from Linguistics to Speech Therapy, from Philosophy to ...
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Language Alterations due to Right Hemisphere Lesions

Pp. 37-46 (10)

Leticia Lessa Mansur

Abstract



The role of right hemisphere (RH) in language and communication has been a subject of debate over the last decades. Studies derived from RH lesions and functional neuroimaging in the past years have, nevertheless, shed some light on the multiple roles of the RH in linguistic processing and several aspects of communication in a broader sense. It is now recognized that the RH plays an important role in decoding “non-literal” language, such as emotional prosody, metaphors and figurative language interpretation. However, the RH also plays an important role in discourse elaboration (macrostructure) and pragmatics, as well as in “grasping” the implicit meaning in cases of irony, motivations, and emotional states that are often embedded in daily communication.

Keywords:

Right hemisphere, discourse, emotional prosody, figurative language

Affiliation:

Rua Cipotanea, 51–Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo, SP–Brazil;