Educating the Global Citizen

In the Shadow of Neoliberalism: Thirty Years of Educational Reform in North America

Indexed in: Scopus, EBSCO.

Globalization has emerged as one of the key social, political and economic forces of the twenty-first century, challenging national borders, long established institutions of governance and cultural ...
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Educational Reform in the U.S. in the Past 30 Years: Great Expectations and the Fading American Dream

Pp. 3-27 (25)

Rich Van Heertum and Carlos Alberto Torres

Abstract

In this chapter we explore changes in the U.S. Educational system over the past 30 years. We argue that neoliberalism has dominated the debate, moving away from the progressive reforms of the 60s and 70s, and making economic imperatives the key focus of schooling in America. We start with a brief overview of educational organization and funding in the U.S. then move on to an historical analysis of the educational policies and rhetoric of the five presidents that have been in office during this period. We next consider the major trends over the past 30 years including the accountability and standards movement, privatization and school choice, professionalism and accreditation, resegregation and persistence of racial achievement gaps and the changing nature of educational research. We conclude by considering the broader implications of these changes, and the threat they pose to the role of education in social justice, democracy and freedom.

Affiliation:

University of California, Los Angeles, USA.