Advances in Biomedical Sciences and Engineering

Advances in Biomedical Sciences and Engineering

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This authoritative reference provides update information on the fundamental aspects and applications of biomaterials and biomedical sciences. It includes nickel-titanium alloys with superelasticity ...
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Fabrication, Mechanical Property and Biocompatibility of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Nanocomposites

Pp. 143-203 (61)

Sie Chin Tjong

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) exhibit excellent electrical conductivity, mechanical strength, stiffness and toughness as well as good biocompatibility with human cells. Accordingly, CNTs are attractive reinforcing materials for polymer nanocomposites designed for orthopedic applications. The integration of CNTs into polymeric materials opens up new frontiers in biomaterials. In this chapter, the synthesis, purification and functionalization of carbon nanotubes, mechanical property and biocompatibility of CNT-polymer nanocomposites are described in details. Proper understanding of the process-structure-property relationship of CNT-polymer nanocomposites is necessary to achieve desired mechanical property and biocompatibility.

Keywords:

Carbon nanotubes, synthesis, chemical vapor deposition, nanocomposites, scaffolds, biocompatibility, electrospinning.

Affiliation:

Department of Physics & Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong.