A Handbook of Oral Physiology and Oral Biology

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This textbook provides a comprehensive overview of the part of dentistry that links basic physiologic and pathophysiologic mechanisms to frequently encountered problems in dental practice. Themes ...
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Functions of Oral Mucosa

Pp. 28-52 (25)

Anastasios K. Markopoulos

Abstract

Oral mucosa shows specializations, which allow it to fulfill several roles. It protects mechanically against both compressive and shearing forces. It provides a barrier to micro-organisms, toxins and various antigens. It has a role in immunological defense, both humoral and cell-mediated. Minor glands within the oral mucosa provide lubrication and buffering as well as secretion of some antibodies. The mucosa is richly innervated, providing input for touch, proprioception, pain and taste. All these functions of oral mucosa are the main constituents of this chapter.

Affiliation:

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.