Physiopathogenesis of Hematological Cancer

Indexed in: Scopus, EBSCO.

The number of new discoveries related to diagnostics and therapeutics of hematological cancer is significant. These have resulted in continuous progress in fundamental knowledge about molecular and ...
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Cancer Stem Cells

Pp. 10-13 (4)

Sara T. O. Saad

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated that tumor cells have hierarchical organization with cancer stem cells at the apex. Cancer stem cells, also termed cancer initiating cells, have self-renewal capacity and might not be sensitive to cytotoxic drugs. Thus, these cells may be responsible for the high frequency of relapse in many cancers, such as acute leukemias, brain and breast cancer. This chapter will approach the evidences of the presence of leukemia stem cells and the therapeutic perspectives to reach these cells.

Keywords:

Cancer stem cells, Hematopoietic Stem Cell (HSC), Leukemia Stem Cells (LSCs), Primitive Hematopoietic Cell, Normal Hematopoiesis, AML, CML, Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition (EMT), Osteopontin (OPN), Therapeutic Opportunities.

Affiliation:

Departamento de Clínica Medica. Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Cid. Universitaria Zeferino Vaz Cx. Postal 6198 - Campinas, SP. Brazil.